This page is for describing the migration and current setup of the Active Directory domain at UCC.

The Active Directory domain at UCC will be, and the domain name is UCCDOMAYNE. The primary DNS server for domain is The primary DC for domain is also, and a second DC is


Sometimes group memberships don't seem to be updated, this can often be fixed by clearing the cache:

  • sss_cache -E if using sssd

  • net cache flush if using winbind

  • Or if the above fails to have an effect, try rejoining to the domain using the instructions below.

Upgrade/Setup Process

Domain Controllers is delegated using separate zones in Mooneye's /etc/bind/named.conf.local

Samson's domain is set up by:

  • apt install samba chrony krb5-user sssd sssd-ad sssd-krb5 sssd-tools libpam-krb5 libpam-sss libnss-sss

  • Disable the systemd units for the non-DC setup & default configuration:

  • systemctl stop smbd
    systemctl stop nmbd
    systemctl stop winbind
    systemctl disable smbd
    systemctl disable nmbd
    systemctl disable winbind
    rm /etc/samba/smb.conf

If upgrading from the old NT domain do:

  • scp root@molmol:/usr/local/etc/smb4.conf /opt/smb.conf.pdc

  • scp root@molmol:/var/db/samba4/\*.tdb /opt/samba-db/

  • scp root@molmol:/var/db/samba4/private/\*.tdb /opt/samba-db/

  • Change "UCCDOMAIN" to "UCCDOMAYNE" and Mussel's hostname to an IP address in /opt/smb.conf.pdc

  • Comment out the ZFS-specific entries in /opt/smb.conf.pdc.

  • samba-tool domain classicupgrade --use-xattrs=yes --realm --dbdir=/opt/samba-db --dns-backend=SAMBA_INTERNAL --verbose /opt/smb.conf.pdc

Otherwise when adding additional DC's to an existing domain:

  • Set the following settings in /etc/krb5.conf:
  •    [libdefaults]
            default_realm =
            dns_lookup_realm = false
            dns_lookup_kdc = true
  • verify kerberos with: kinit <username>

  • join the domain with: samba-tool domain join DC -U"UCCDOMAYNE\username" --dns-backend=SAMBA_INTERNAL --option='idmap_ldb:use rfc2307 = yes'

    • You may see an error saying something about DNS not being configured, you can probably ignore it.
  • replicate the SYSVOL directory to the new DC, then fix the permissions with: samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset

  • start the samba service, the service may have a different name depending on the samba version used.
  •   service samba-ad-dc enable
      service samba-ad-dc start

For all domain controllers

  • copy /etc/nsswitch.conf and /etc/sssd/sssd.conf from another domain controller

  • enable sssd auth in pam via pam-auth-update

  • DO NOT use winbind on a Domain controller, it sucks formultiple reasons.

Windows systems

Just join them to the domain. Doesn't look like you need to create a machine account before joining?

Linux systems

Automatically using realmd

Thanks to realmd, joining machines to the domain is extremely simple.

  • Install packages: apt install realmd

  • Test to make sure you can connect to the domain: realm discover

  • This should produce output similar to the following:                                                                                                  
      type: kerberos                                                                                                      
      realm-name: AD.UCC.GU.UWA.EDU.AU                                                                                    
      configured: no                                                                                                      
      server-software: active-directory                                                                                   
      client-software: sssd                                                                                               
      required-package: sssd-tools                                                                                        
      required-package: sssd                                                                                              
      required-package: libnss-sss                                                                                        
      required-package: libpam-sss           
      required-package: adcli                  
      required-package: samba-common-bin                    
  • Join to the domain using realm join -v -U <user>

    • realmd defaults to using sssd, which is fine
    • It installs any necessary packages.
      • Except for two things:
        • comment the line use_fully_qualified_names = True in /etc/sssd/sssd.conf (prefix with a #)

        • Set ldap_id_mapping = False (fixes UID mappings)

      • Then it works!
  • Done.

Manual Method

Based on the instructions from and Before configuring the domain ensure the following:

  • Install the required packages: apt install samba winbind krb5-user libpam-krb5 libpam-winbind libnss-winbind

  • Ensure the system is configured according to the SOE.

  • edit /etc/krb5.conf to point to the new domain:

  •    [libdefaults]
            default_realm =
            dns_lookup_realm = false
            dns_lookup_kdc = true
  • Make the following /etc/samba/smb.conf:

  • [global]
    # Configure the domain infomation
            security = ads
            realm =
            workgroup = UCCDOMAYNE
    # use winbind to map users and groups
            winbind enum users = yes
            winbind enum groups = yes
            winbind use default domain = yes
            kerberos method = secrets and keytab
    #Config gid/sid mapping based on AD attributes
            winbind nss info = rfc2307
            idmap config * : backend = tdb
            idmap config * : range = 13000-17999
            #idmap config for UCCDOMAYNE
            idmap config UCCDOMAYNE:backend = ad
            idmap config UCCDOMAYNE:schema_mode = rfc2307
            idmap config UCCDOMAYNE:range = 1-999999
            idmap config UCCDOMAYNE:unix_nss_info = yes
            idmap config UCCDOMAYNE:unix_primary_group = yes
  • Join the machine to the domain with: net ads join -U <username>.

  • configure pam using pam-auth-update and enable Winbind NT/AD authentication.

  • configure nsswitch.conf

  • # /etc/nsswitch.conf
    # Example configuration of GNU Name Service Switch functionality.
    # If you have the `glibc-doc-reference' and `info' packages installed, try:
    # `info libc "Name Service Switch"' for information about this file.
    passwd:         compat winbind
    group:          compat winbind
    shadow:         files
    gshadow:        files
    hosts:          files mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=return] dns
    networks:       files
    protocols:      db files
    services:       db files 
    ethers:         db files
    rpc:            db files
    netgroup:       nis 
  • start the services:
  • winbindd
  • Make sure the computer can fetch the domain users and groups with:
  • wbinfo -g` and `wbinfo -u`

Things using LDAP

Anything that needs to bind to ldap to get a list of users can no longer do so anonymously. Encryption is still required. In AD, create a new bind user for the service called bind-<servicename>, put it in the Service Accounts group, and remove it from the Domain Users group. Then you can use this user to bind to the server.

Converted systems

  • Windows desktops
  • Linux desktops
  • Linux servers
    • Motsugo
    • Merlo
    • Mooneye
  • FreeBSD servers
    • Molmol
  • Webmail?
  • Adduser scripts
  • Proxmox
  • RADIUS (VPN & wireless)

  • Windows server (Maaxen)
  • Mail delivery (dovecot)

Unconverted systems

  • Linux servers
    • Mussel
  • Other machines
  • FreeBSD servers
    • Musdea
  • Solaris machines
  • Mac machines
  • Mail delivery (postfix, procmail, all that fun stuff)