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One day, it would be nice to have a standard operating environment for UCC clubroom machines. Currently the state of them could be described as varying degrees of broken, partly due to having no defined procedure for setting them up. The purpose of this page is to brainstorm what this procedure should be. This page is intended as a guide to set up UCC machines in some sort of standard way. Please update this if you find any problems when installing things (especially if using newer versions than described here).
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= All Machines =

== Steps to do for installation ==
  * Add forward and reverse DNS entries for the machine. <!>
  *
Add the machine to DHCP. <!>
  *
Make sure all licenses required are on hand
= Before you start =

== Steps to do before installation ==
  * <!> Add forward and reverse DNS entries for the machine.
  *
<!> Add the machine to DHCP.
  *
<!> Make sure all licenses required are on hand (see `/home/wheel/docs/software-license/` on a user server)
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 * Email tech@ Informing them that it has been set up/re-installed

= Windows Profiles =

Please see WindowsProfiles for more information on how these work / how you should manage them.

= Windows 7 =

== Steps to do before/during installation ==

== During/after installation ==
 * Install Win7 Pro, not the home edition, or you won't be able to add it to the domain
 * Make sure you create at 2 disk partitions (or separate hard drives) - one for windows, one for games/other
 * Enable the Administrator account and set it to use clubroom password. See [[http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/windows-vista/enable-the-hidden-administrator-account-on-windows-vista/]]
 * nuke the user you created during install
 * Run the registry hack from [[https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Required_Settings_for_Samba_NT4_Domains#Joining_Windows_7_and_Later_.2F_Windows_Server_2008_and_Later_to_a_Samba_NT4_Domain]] - you won't be able to add the machine to the domain without doing this)
 * Configure it to be part of the domain 'UCCDOMAIN'. (Control Panel, System, Advanced System Settings, Computer Name) ''Ignore the error message'' .
  * Add Winadmins to computer administrators.
 * Add static route for 130.95.13.0/26: at a command prompt type:
{{{
 * Email tech@ucc.asn.au with a summary of what was set up/re-installed

= Dualboot Machines =

'''These instructions relate to Dualbooting Windows 10 and Linux Mint'''. If installing a dualboot machine, always install Windows first where possible.

 1. [[#Windows_10|Install Windows]] following the below. Make note of the following when setting up the disks:
  * Depending on the size of the disk, try to reserve up to 500GB or more for Windows.
  * Linux works fine on anything down to about 100GB but 200GB+ is preferable.
 2. [[#Linux_Desktops|Install Linux]], making sure to use the previously reserved disk space.
  * Use a '''different hostname''' for the Linux installation (eg. `catfish` on Windows, and `catfish-linux` on Linux, or vice-versa)
  * This is necessary so that the machine accounts in AD don't have the same name, otherwise one OS's entry overwrites the other and things get broken.
 3. Set up a scheduled task on Windows to reboot into Linux each day.

= Windows 10 =

All new Windows machines in UCC should be installed with Windows 10 by default. Previous versions are deprecated.

 1. Find a Windows install disk or make a new one. Make sure you select the Professional edition.
  * You can download the latest ISO image [[https://www.microsoft.com/en-au/software-download/windows10ISO|here]] and USB imaging tool [[https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=56485|here]].
 2. Plug in the install disk and boot from it.
  * Select the US keyboard layout and Australian time/date format.
  * Agree to the license terms etc.
 3. Partition the disks.
  * Delete all existing partitions (if any) on the designated install disk.
  * Select the empty space and click "New" to create a new partition. Enter the desired size or use the whole disk (if not doing dualboot).
 4. Create a dummy user account (call it something like `accmurph`)
 5. Finish the installer. Once it has rebooted into the new Windows system and you have logged in you can continue.
 6. Install software.
  * Software in this list should either be free to download and install, or something that the UCC has a license for.
  * Open '''Powershell''' as Administrator and run the following: {{{
Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))

choco install -y googlechrome firefox flashplayerplugin microsoftsecurityessentials keepass.install notepadplusplus.install 7zip.install discord javaruntime vlc chocolateygui opera foxitreader hwmonitor paint.net gimp inkscape adobereader libreoffice winscp.install putty miktex texstudio windirstat lyx
}}}
  * Install '''Steam''' and '''Battle.net''' to the games drive (if any).
  * Install the ocsinventory agent from [[https://www.ocsinventory-ng.org/en/]].
   * This software maintains a registry of all our hardware and is used to determine which machines need upgrading. The server to point it at is https://ocsinventory.ucc.asn.au/ocsinventory and turn off SSL cert verification. No auth is required.
 7. Set the Windows computer name - the installer picks a random one automatically and this is bad.
  * Right click on the Start button, select "System", then click "Rename this PC" and enter the desired name.
 7. Configure the system for the UCC network. (type any `commands` below into the Administrator Powershell window you just opened)
  * Delete the dummy user created during install, enable the local Administrator account and set the password: {{{
net user accmurph /delete
net user Administrator /active:yes
net user Administrator <Clubroom Password>
}}}
  * Join the machine to the domain `UCCDOMAYNE` as described in [[ActiveDirectory#Windows]].
  * '''REBOOT.'''
  * You may need to manually set the time if it is out of sync, run Command Prompt (not powershell!) as administrator and use the command `time HH:MM:SS`
  * Force update group policy on the machine (now in the admin Command Prompt window): {{{
gpupdate /force
}}}
   * Once Group Policy has been successfully applied (or before the machine is joined to the domain at all) you can force an NTP time sync with `w32tm /resync /force`
  * Add static route for 130.95.13.0/26: (''This prevents a VPN connection from trying to steal the default route to users home directories.''){{{
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 . ''This prevents a VPN connection from trying to steal the default route to users home directories.''
* Enable pings (alternatively, follow [http://www.fixya.com/support/r5359816-allow_ping_icmp_echo_request_windows_7]):
{{{
  * Enable pings (alternatively, follow [[http://www.fixya.com/support/r5359816-allow_ping_icmp_echo_request_windows_7|this guide]]):
  . {{{
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 * Install Chocolatey, and SOE Packages
 * Set up drivers (particularly Graphics)
 * Set up printing.

= Windows 10 =

== Joining the Domayne ==

[http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Joining_a_Windows_Client_or_Server_to_a_Domain#Joining_a_Windows_Client_or_Server_to_a_Domain]

To join the domain
set the domain to `adtest.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au` and when prompted for a username and password,
have a wheel member log in.


== Fixing the "No logon servers available" error ==
If accounts are unable to login, and you get the "No logon servers available" error do the following:
 * add the following line to the smb.conf file found at "/usr/local/etc/smb.conf" or uncomment the line if it is there:
{{{
# Be aware, that this setting prevent your clients to use
# newer SMB protocol versions, than SMB1 with this server!
max protocol = NT1
}}}
 * restart the service by typing
{{{
service samba_server restart
}}}
 * restart windows 10
 * log in to an account on the UCCDOMAIN
 * comment out the "max protocol = NT1" line (it should work now without the line)

== Software to install ==
Software in this list should either be free to download and install, or something that the UCC has a license for.

Install the following packages using administrator powershell
using chocolatey. After which install steam and battle.net manually onto the games partition.

{{{
Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))

 choco install -y googlechrome firefox flashplayerplugin microsoftsecurityessentials keepass.install notepadplusplus.install 7zip.install discord javaruntime vlc chocolateygui opera foxitreader hwmonitor paint.net gimp inkscape adobereader libreoffice winscp.install putty miktex texstudio windirstat lyx
}}}

Run the registry changes to hide the last logged in user: [[attachment:registry_hacks.reg]]
 8. Add the UCC printer `blacklight` and set it as the default.

= Linux Desktops =
'''Linux Mint x64 ''Cinnamon'' (not the LMDE / Debian version) is the only Linux installation we support.'''

These instructions have been updated and checked with Linux Mint 19.1 - please update them to be compatible with any newer versions if you choose to install them.

 1. Find or create an install USB.
  * Download the ISO from [[https://www.linuxmint.com/download.php]] onto an existing Linux system. {{{
wget http://mirror.waia.asn.au/pub/linux/linuxmint/linuxmint-isos/linuxmint.com/stable/19.1/linuxmint-19.1-cinnamon-64bit.iso
}}}
  * Plug in the USB and get the device node with `lsblk` (look at the size of each drive)
  * Copy the image to the USB: (this will take a few minutes) {{{
sudo dd if=linuxmint-19.1-cinnamon-64bit.iso of=/dev/sde bs=1M; sync;
}}}
 2. Boot from the USB and run the installer.
 3. Partition the disks. Select "something else" rather than the automagic guided options.
  * If you are setting up dualboot, do NOT delete any Windows-related partitions.
  * Create a new partition for the Linux system. No swap partition is required - mint no longer creates a swap partition by default, and can use a swap file in the root partition if swap space is required.
   * Use as ext4 file system and use `/` as the mount point.
  * Configure a dummy user, for example `accmurph`.
  * Use sensible values for the other options.
 4. Boot into the newly installed system and configure it.
  * Set up [[ActiveDirectory#Linux|Active Directory]]
  * Ensure wheel group and sprocket group have sudo permission: {{{sudo visudo}}} {{{
%wheel ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
%sprocket ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
}}}
  * Ensure wheel group and sprocket group have administrative rights in Polkit. Create the file {{{/etc/polkit-1/localauthority.conf.d/90-ucc-desktops.conf}}} with the following contents: {{{
[Configuration]
AdminIdentities=unix-group:wheel;unix-group:sprocket
}}}
  * Modify `/etc/fstab` to mount `/away`. Use something like this (can differ with distro): {{{
# This line needs to be ABOVE the line that mounts swap, otherwise nfs fails to automount
away.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au:/space/away/home /home nfs nfsvers=3,auto,rw,tcp,nosuid,nodev,rsize=8169,wsize=8169,soft,x-systemd.device-timeout=10,x-systemd-requires=network.target 0 1
}}}
  * Network configuration is via DHCP and handled entirely by `NetworkManager`.
  * Use a local package repository mirror with `sudo mint-switch-to-local-mirror`
 5. Install software. {{{
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main"
wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt update
sudo apt -y install adobe-flashplugin arduino blender build-essential cvs chromium-browser eclipse fish freecad freeglut3-dev geeqie gimp glew-utils gnucash google-chrome-stable gtk2-engines-oxygen hugin inkscape jhead keepassxc kicad ladvd libreoffice locate mplayer nasm nfs-common ocsinventory-agent openjdk-11-jdk openssh-server pepperflashplugin-nonfree pidgin python remmina remmina-plugin-rdp rdesktop rssh subversion thunderbird tig unattended-upgrades vim-gtk vlc zsh lyx texlive
}}}
  * The server hostname for OCSInventory is `ocsinventory.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au`
  * <!> Set the root password, then add the UCC root SSH keys: add the hostname to `/home/wheel/bin/uccroot/push.sh`, then run that script.
  * Install vivaldi browser (there's no repo package at the moment) - go to https://www.vivaldi.com and install from there
 6. Set up the UCC printer `blacklight`
  * Open the '''Printers''' settings panel
  * Add printer directly (list its hostname in the insert field)
  * If the definition file cannot be located, download from the manufacturer's website (some googling may be required)
 7. Log in '''as your own user''' (reboot if necessary to do so) and go to login window preferences in the main menu
  * Set theme to elegance
  * Go to options and deselect "automatically select the last logged in user"
  * Also change the default session from "Automatically detected" to "cinnamon"
  * Delete the initial user: {{{ sudo userdel -r accmurph }}} (ignore any errors)
 8. Enable automatic upgrades in the Update Manager (GUI)
  . {{attachment:mintupdates.png|Tick the box "Apply updates automatically" and ignore any warnings about system stability|height=250}}
  . Tick the box "Apply updates automatically" and ignore any warnings about system stability.

=== Proprietary NVidia Drivers ===
NOTE: `nouveau` is preferred if it works, as it integrates with the kernel.

 1. Locate the driver edition for the card (the major number of the driver version specified on http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us)
  * DON'T DOWNLOAD FROM HERE
  * Remember to select "Linux x64" as the OS
 1. Install the relevant package `sudo apt install nvidia-<VER>`
  * E.g. `nvidia-340` for the GeForce 9600
 1. Reboot
 1. If the graphics don't work (e.g. falls back to software rendering), `sudo apt purge nvidia-<VER>`

=== Graphics Don't Work? ===

If you get messages like "Hooray! GNOME3 won't work because your graphics hardware does not support it", or {{{glxinfo}}} segfaults, or {{{glxgears}}} does not show anything,
then you have entered the wonderful world of troubleshooting graphics drivers!

NVidia should just work. If you have problems, remove the {{{nouveau}}} driver and replace it with the non-free {{{nvidia}}} driver.

If things seem totally fucked, you probably have an AMD graphics card. Eg:
 . {{{
    $ lspci | grep vga
    00:01.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] nee ATI BeaverCreek [Radeon HD 6550D]
}}}

You have two options; if one doesn't work try the other.

 * Install the Debian {{{non-free}}} version of {{{fglrx}}} which may or may not explode
 * Install the official AMD {{{fglrx}}} which will definitely explode but may take longer to do so: [[http://support.amd.com/en-us/download]]

If none of this works you are doomed and need to try a different OS. However, Debian or Ubuntu are usually actually the best for {{{fglrx}}}, so you're probably still doomed.
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  * Beware of copying the apt_sources list from another server without copying the apt_preferences file too. You might suddenly find yourself with much newer versions of packages than you want.
  * The UCC standard install has all volumes in LVM on md raid. Generally var and home are put on a separate logical volume to root. You had better have a good reason if you're not following this guideline! 
  * Keep APT sources.list (or software repositories) as minimal as possible, but if you don't:
    *
Beware of copying the apt sources.list from another server without copying the apt_preferences file too. You might suddenly find yourself with much newer versions of packages than you want.
  * The UCC standard install has all volumes in LVM on md raid. Generally var and home are put on a separate logical volume to root. You had better have a good reason if you're not following this guideline!
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  * Only do this once you have DNS set up and working properly   * Only do this once you have DNS set up and working properlyChangeLog#preview
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##these are formatted like this so you can paste them straight into the terminal after apt-get install, keep them in alphabetical order please. [BOB]
 . {{{
alpine apache2 biff finger fish joe ladvd logwatch molly-guard mosh ncurses-term openbsd-inetd rkhunter rssh screen subversion sudo strace sxid tig tmux tshark vim zsh 
##these are formatted like this so you can paste them straight into the terminal after "apt install", keep them in alphabetical order please. [BOB]
 . {{{
alpine apache2 biff finger fish joe ladvd logwatch molly-guard mosh ncurses-term ocsinventory-agent openbsd-inetd rkhunter rssh screen subversion sudo strace sxid tig tmux tshark vim zsh
Line 147: Line 227:
= Linux Desktops =
== Mint with cinnamon is the agreed SOE - don't install other operating systems or distros ==
 * Only install Mint x64 Cinnamon (version 17.3)
  * Do '''NOT''' install Mint KDE, Mint LXDE or Mint Mate
  * Do '''NOT''' install 32-bit Mint
  * Do '''NOT''' install Mint Debian - we want Mint built from Ubuntu
  * Do '''NOT''' install Mint 18 yet - it uses systemd and this SOE does not account for it
 * Add a root user and nuke the initial unprivileged user
 * Set up ``LDAP`` by following the instructions in the linux servers section of this page
 * Ensure wheel group and sprocket group have sudo permission {{{sudo visudo}}}
{{{
%wheel ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
%sprocket ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
}}}
 * Modify /etc/fstab to mount /away
Something like this (differs with distro):
{{{
# Mint 17
away.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au:/space/away/home /home nfs nfsvers=3,auto,rw,tcp,nosuid,nodev,rsize=8169,wsize=8169,soft 0 0
# Mint 18
# Note that in Mint 18.3 this line needs to be ABOVE the line that mounts swap, otherwise nfs fails to automount
away.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au:/space/away/home /home nfs nfsvers=3,auto,rw,tcp,nosuid,nodev,rsize=8169,wsize=8169,soft,x-systemd.device-timeout=10,x-systemd-requires=network.target 0 1
}}}

 * Add the following lines to /etc/network/interfaces. If you don't do this, network manager takes over the interface and nfs shares don't correctly mount at boot:
{{{
auto eth0
allow-hotplug eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
}}}

 * (MINT 18) Create `/etc/systemd/network/<ifname>.network` and insert the following
{{{
[Match]
Name=<ifname>

[Network]
DHCP=ipv4
}}}

 * (MINT 18) Run
{{{
systemctl enable systemd-resolved.service
systemctl enable systemd-networkd.service
systemctl start systemd-resolved.service
systemctl start systemd-networkd.service
}}}

 * Install ssh and nfs packages
{{{
nfs-common openssh-server
}}}

 * Add the UCC root SSH keys: add the hostname to /home/wheel/bin/uccroot/push.sh, then run that script.

Ensure the following packages are installed:
##these are formatted like this so you can paste them straight into the terminal after apt-get install, keep them in alphabetical order please. [BOB]
{{{
adobe-flashplugin arduino blender build-essential cvs chromium-browser eagle eclipse fish freeglut3-dev geeqie gimp glew-utils gnucash gtk2-engines-oxygen hugin inkscape jhead keepass2 ladvd libglew-dev libglew1.10 libreoffice locate mplayer nasm nfs-common nslcd pepperflashplugin-nonfree pidgin rssh openjdk-7-jdk openssh-server python remmina remmina-plugin-rdp rdesktop subversion thunderbird tig vim-gtk vlc zsh
}}}

Run the following commands to install google chrome (chromium is already installed). Do not install using a .deb from a web browser because it then doesn't automatically update:
{{{
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main"
wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
sudo aptitude install google-chrome-stable
}}}

 * Set up the current printer - (`blacklight` at time of writing)
  * Open the print control panel
  * Add printer directly (list its hostname in the insert field)
  * If the definition file cannot be located, download from the manufacturer's website (some googling may be required)

then (These ones are non-crucial/take a long time_)
{{{
apt-get install {lyx}
}}}

 * Log in and go to login window preferences in the main menu
  * Set theme to elegance
  * Go to options and deselect "automatically select the last logged in user"
  * Also change the default session from "Automatically detected" to "cinnamon"


Install vivaldi browser (there's no repo package at the moment) - go to https://www.vivaldi.com and install from there

== Linux Laptops ==

''Note: [LKW] and [CHS] were setting up the Linux Mint with Cinnamon SOE on the clubroom laptop (bunny) 2016-08-30, these notes here are temporary and exist for the purpose of eventually improving the "Linux Desktops" section of this wiki page

1. Installed Linux Mint Cinnamon 18 "Sarah" (64 bit) on bunny (yes, we know the wiki says to use 17, deal with it)

2. Deleted the standard user

3. Connected a blue cable

4. Began installation/configuration of LDAP

  1. Installed libraries (libnss-ldap and libpam-ldap)

  2. Ran the LDAP setup wizard

  3. Set up LDAP to connect to mussel's IP

  4. Entered the distinguished name of the LDAP search base (?) by copying settings from the "Solaris LDAP Clients" set-up section

  5. Chose LDAP version 3 (not entirely sure which one to use at this point, but assumed later version is better)

  6. Said no to Make local root Database admin (we don't want to break stuff)

  7. Does the LDAP database require login? Answered no (because it says under a normal setup, this is not needed)

  8. Apparently set up now?

  9. Pretty sure it's not set up

  10. Went to /etc and edited nsswitch.conf and added ldap to it, copying chubsucker's settings

  11. Went back to ldap.conf on bunny, removed the uri and added host mussel.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au

  12. Copied the ssl certificate from mussel to bunny

  13. Added the ssl certificate to the config too

  14. It's working! Need to set up samba, but ldap looks like it's working

5. Added sprocket and wheel to the sudoers file

6. Mounted away (following the SOE guide for Linux Desktops)

7. Modified adapter settings (again, following SOE guide for Linux Desktops, duh)

  1. Not sure how to set up wireless logins yet, that's a problem for another day

8. Installed nfs and ssh packages

9. Added bunny to the hosts file

10. Installed specified packages (but got java 8 instead of 7 (wasn't in repos))

11. Set up the printer

12. ocsinventory-agent left for later

13. Set up the login window

14. Can't find sound anywhere? Figure out later, linux isn't detecting any sound devices, even when you plug in headphones

15. Chrome left for later

16. Some other stuff also left for later ''


=== Proprietary NVidia Drivers ===
NOTE: nouveau is preferred if it works, as it integrates with the kernel.

 1. Locate the driver edition for the card (the major number of the driver version specified on http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us)
  * DON'T DOWNLOAD FROM HERE
  * Remember to select "Linux x64" as the OS
 1.#2 Install the relevant package `sudo apt-get install nvidia-<VER>`
  * E.g. `nvidia-340` for the GeForce 9600
 1. Reboot
 1. If the graphics don't work (e.g. falls back to software rendering), `sudo apt-get purge nvidia-<VER>`

== Debian or Ubuntu ==
 * Add a root user and nuke the initial unprivileged user
 * Ensure the package sources are pointing at AARNET's mirror, not UWA's
 * Set up [[LDAP]] by following the instructions in the linux servers section of this page
 * Modify /etc/fstab to mount /away
Something like this (differs with distro):
{{{
services.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au:/space/away/home /home nfs nfsvers=3,auto,rw,tcp,nosuid,nodev,rsize=8169,wsize=8169,soft 0 0
}}}
 * Add the UCC root SSH keys: add the hostname to /home/wheel/bin/uccroot/push.sh, then run that script.


Ensure the following packages are installed:
##these are formatted like this so you can paste them straight into the terminal after apt-get install, keep them in alphabetical order please. [BOB]
{{{
blender build-essential cvs chromium-browser compizconfig-settings-manager freeglut3-dev geeqie gimp glew-utils gnome-desktop-environment gnucash hugin inkscape jhead joe keepass2 ladvd libglew-dev libglew1.8 locate mplayer nasm nfs-common nslcd pidgin rssh openjdk-7-jdk openssh-server python remmina subversion thunderbird tig ubuntu-restricted-extras vim-gtk vlc zsh
}}}
Ensure the following packages are NOT installed:
{{{
ubuntuone-client unity-lens-shopping
}}}
then (These ones are non-crucial/take a long time_)
apt-get install {lyx}

 * Ensure wheel group and sprocket group have sudo permission {{{sudo visudo}}}
{{{
%wheel ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
%sprocket ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
}}}

Install vivaldi browser (there's no repo package at the moment) - go to https://www.vivaldi.com and install from there

=== Graphics Don't Work? ===

If you get messages like "Hooray! GNOME3 won't work because your graphics hardware does not support it", or {{{glxinfo}}} segfaults, or {{{glxgears}}} does not show anything,
then you have entered the wonderful world of troubleshooting graphics drivers!

NVidea should just work. If you have problems, remove the {{{nouveu}}} driver and replace it with the non-free {{{nvidia}}} driver.

If things seem totally fucked, you probably have an AMD graphics card. Eg:
{{{
    $ lspci | grep vga
    00:01.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] nee ATI BeaverCreek [Radeon HD 6550D]
}}}

You have two options; if one doesn't work try the other.

 * Install the debian {{{non-free}}} version of {{{fglrx}}} which may or may not explode
 * Install the official AMD {{{fglrx}}} which will definitely explode but may take longer to do so: [[http://support.amd.com/en-us/download]]

If none of this works you are doomed and need to try a different OS. However, debian or ubuntu are usually actually the best for {{{fglrx}}}, so you're probably still doomed.

== OpenSUSE ==
 * Rule 1: don't go messing with text config files (eg ldap, pam, nsswitch) - OpenSUSE is mostly configured through the GUI, and you'll be frustrated if you try and mix the two.
 * You can put it on ldap within the installer, so you won't need to create an unprivileged account like in Ubuntu
 * Put the machine on LDAP
  * Open YaST, either from the GUI or the command line, and select 'LDAP Client'
   * Set the address of LDAP servers to `mussel.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au motsugo.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au`
   * Click on 'Fetch DN' and the UCC dn should appear
   * 'Use LDAP' should be selected, deselect all other checkboxes
   * Click on advanced configuration
    * Deselect 'Use SSSD'
    * Set the user map to ou=People,dc=ucc,dc=gu,dc=uwa,dc=edu,dc=au
    * Set the password map to dc=ucc,dc=gu,dc=uwa,dc=edu,dc=au
    * Set the group map to ou=group,dc=ucc,dc=gu,dc=uwa,dc=edu,dc=au
  * Run the following commands from a terminal as root:
   * `pam-config -a --ldap`
   * `pam-config -d --sss`
   * Running `id accmurph` should show `uid=666(accmurph) gid=666(winadmin) groups=666(winadmin)` if everything is working
 * Mount user home directories
  * Ensure there is a /away export to the machine from mylah
  * Delete or move the old /home directory: `rm -rf /home` (don't even leave an empty directory in / )
  * Set up automounting of home directories
   * OpenSUSE 11.4:
     * Uncomment the "/net -hosts" line in /etc/auto.master
     * Ensure you can ping mylah
     * Open YaST, go to 'System Services (Runlevel)', and enable the autofs and rpcbind services FROM SIMPLE MODE
     * Create a magic link to the home directories `ln -s /net/mylah/space/away/home /home`
     * Check this works by going to /home and listing the directory contents
     * If things aren't working the way they should, test mounting /away manually with the `mount` command after creating the /home directory. Don't forget to unmount /home and delete the empty directory when you're done.
   * OpenSUSE 12.2:
     * autofs is deprecated! Yay! We use systemd now.
     * From YaST, go to 'System Services (Runlevel)', and enable the 'nfs' and 'rpcbind' services.
     * Edit /etc/fstab (even though, strictly speaking, it's deprecated -- gotta love systemd)
     * Add this line: {{{
services.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au:/space/away/home /home nfs nfsvers=3,rw,tcp,nosuid,nodev,rsize=8169,wsize=8169,soft,nolock,noauto,comment=systemd.automount 0 0 }}}
     * Maybe reboot (it can't hurt, right...)
     * ls /home (or do something in the directory in order to make it mount)
     * Everything should work
   * Check this is still working after a reboot!
 * Run a quick upgrade of all packages using `zypper up` before going any further.
 * The package management tool in OpenSUSE is zypper. Install the following packages using `zypper install` from a terminal
{{{
blender compiz compiz-plugins-extra compizconfig-settings-manager findutils-locate finger freeglut-devel glew glew-devel gcc geeqie gimp git hugin jhead joe nasm opera pidgin MozillaThunderbird zsh
}}}
 * OpenSUSE also supports 'pattern' packages (much like the build-essential package in Debian). Install the following patterns using `zypper install -t pattern`
{{{
devel_C_C++ devel_ide devel_java devel_mono devel_perl devel_python devel_qt4 devel_rpm_build devel_ruby devel_web remote_desktop
}}}
 * OpenSUSE 11.4 only: Compiz on OpenSUSE 11.4 has a problem where compiz-manager doesn't start correctly for users using compiz, so those users have no window borders, this can be solved by creating /etc/xdg/autostart/compiz-manager.desktop and putting the following contents in it:
{{{
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Exec=/usr/bin/compiz-manager
Hidden=false
X-GNOME-Autostart-enabled=true
Name[C]=Compiz Manager (fix)
Name=Compiz Manager (fix)
Comment[C]=Fixes the annoying issue
Comment=Fixes the annoying issue
}}}
 * Install suitable graphics drivers. For ATI and nVidia chips see: http://en.opensuse.org/SDB:ATI_drivers and http://en.opensuse.org/SDB:NVIDIA_drivers
  * To use nouveau instead of nvidia, remove nvidia-computeG02 nvidia-gfxG02-kmp-desktop x11-video-nvidiaG02 and install Mesa-nouveau3d
  * Check compiz is working after a reboot (wobbly windows!)
 * Install vlc from this site: http://www.videolan.org/vlc/download-suse.html
 * Install google chrome (these instructions assume 64-bit openSUSE)
  * `wget https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm`
  * `zypper install google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm`
 * Enable ssh and add the root keys:
  * Enable the sshd service through YaST
  * Allow Secure Shell Server through the firewall using YaST
  * Add the hostname to /home/wheel/bin/uccroot/push.sh and run that script
 * Add wheel to sudoers using visudo, and delete the two lines in the file that are mentioned in the comments in the file
 * Add printers. Phosphorous on mussel is currently best added as a samba printer

= Mac Desktops =
 * Do a fresh install of the operating system
 * Enable Remote Login http://support.apple.com/kb/PH18726
 * Add the UCC CA
  * Download https://ucc.asn.au/UCC-CA.crt
  * Add to System keychain
  * Trust root certificate
 * Settings > Users and Groups > Join Network Account Server
   * Open Directory Utility
    * Select LDAP then click the pencil icon
    * Add mussel.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au
    * Enable Encrypt using SSL
   * Set RFC2307 mappings
   * Set search base to `dc=ucc,dc=gu,dc=uwa,dc=edu,dc=au`
   * Edit the server settings
    * Disable "Use custom port"
 * Set up home directories
  * Open terminal and sudo to root
  * `mv /home /home2` to move the old `/home` out of the way, probably something still has it open
  * `ln -s /net/services.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au/space/away/home /home` to use the automounter for `/home`, if you don't understand this, ask.
  * `ls -l /home` should now show `ucc`, `wheel`, etc. If not you need to work out why.
 * Reboot and SSH etc. should work.

This page is intended as a guide to set up UCC machines in some sort of standard way. Please update this if you find any problems when installing things (especially if using newer versions than described here).

Steps marked with <!> require a wheel member, anything else can be done by a winadmin.

Before you start

Steps to do before installation

  • <!> Add forward and reverse DNS entries for the machine.

  • <!> Add the machine to DHCP.

  • <!> Make sure all licenses required are on hand (see /home/wheel/docs/software-license/ on a user server)

Steps to do after

  • Check everything works as expected
  • Email tech@ucc.asn.au with a summary of what was set up/re-installed

Dualboot Machines

These instructions relate to Dualbooting Windows 10 and Linux Mint. If installing a dualboot machine, always install Windows first where possible.

  1. Install Windows following the below. Make note of the following when setting up the disks:

    • Depending on the size of the disk, try to reserve up to 500GB or more for Windows.
    • Linux works fine on anything down to about 100GB but 200GB+ is preferable.
  2. Install Linux, making sure to use the previously reserved disk space.

    • Use a different hostname for the Linux installation (eg. catfish on Windows, and catfish-linux on Linux, or vice-versa)

    • This is necessary so that the machine accounts in AD don't have the same name, otherwise one OS's entry overwrites the other and things get broken.
  3. Set up a scheduled task on Windows to reboot into Linux each day.

Windows 10

All new Windows machines in UCC should be installed with Windows 10 by default. Previous versions are deprecated.

  1. Find a Windows install disk or make a new one. Make sure you select the Professional edition.
    • You can download the latest ISO image here and USB imaging tool here.

  2. Plug in the install disk and boot from it.
    • Select the US keyboard layout and Australian time/date format.
    • Agree to the license terms etc.
  3. Partition the disks.
    • Delete all existing partitions (if any) on the designated install disk.
    • Select the empty space and click "New" to create a new partition. Enter the desired size or use the whole disk (if not doing dualboot).
  4. Create a dummy user account (call it something like accmurph)

  5. Finish the installer. Once it has rebooted into the new Windows system and you have logged in you can continue.
  6. Install software.
    • Software in this list should either be free to download and install, or something that the UCC has a license for.
    • Open Powershell as Administrator and run the following:

      Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))
      
      choco install -y googlechrome firefox flashplayerplugin  microsoftsecurityessentials keepass.install notepadplusplus.install 7zip.install discord javaruntime vlc chocolateygui opera foxitreader hwmonitor paint.net gimp inkscape adobereader libreoffice winscp.install putty miktex texstudio windirstat lyx
    • Install Steam and Battle.net to the games drive (if any).

    • Install the ocsinventory agent from https://www.ocsinventory-ng.org/en/.

      • This software maintains a registry of all our hardware and is used to determine which machines need upgrading. The server to point it at is https://ocsinventory.ucc.asn.au/ocsinventory and turn off SSL cert verification. No auth is required.

  7. Set the Windows computer name - the installer picks a random one automatically and this is bad.
    • Right click on the Start button, select "System", then click "Rename this PC" and enter the desired name.
  8. Configure the system for the UCC network. (type any commands below into the Administrator Powershell window you just opened)

    • Delete the dummy user created during install, enable the local Administrator account and set the password:

      net user accmurph /delete
      net user Administrator /active:yes
      net user Administrator <Clubroom Password>
    • Join the machine to the domain UCCDOMAYNE as described in ActiveDirectory#Windows.

    • REBOOT.

    • You may need to manually set the time if it is out of sync, run Command Prompt (not powershell!) as administrator and use the command time HH:MM:SS

    • Force update group policy on the machine (now in the admin Command Prompt window):

      gpupdate /force
      • Once Group Policy has been successfully applied (or before the machine is joined to the domain at all) you can force an NTP time sync with w32tm /resync /force

    • Add static route for 130.95.13.0/26: (This prevents a VPN connection from trying to steal the default route to users home directories.)

      route add -p 130.95.13.0 MASK 255.255.255.192 130.95.13.65
    • Enable pings (alternatively, follow this guide):

    • netsh firewall set icmpsetting 8 enable
  9. Add the UCC printer blacklight and set it as the default.

Linux Desktops

Linux Mint x64 Cinnamon (not the LMDE / Debian version) is the only Linux installation we support.

These instructions have been updated and checked with Linux Mint 19.1 - please update them to be compatible with any newer versions if you choose to install them.

  1. Find or create an install USB.
    • Download the ISO from https://www.linuxmint.com/download.php onto an existing Linux system.

      wget http://mirror.waia.asn.au/pub/linux/linuxmint/linuxmint-isos/linuxmint.com/stable/19.1/linuxmint-19.1-cinnamon-64bit.iso
    • Plug in the USB and get the device node with lsblk (look at the size of each drive)

    • Copy the image to the USB: (this will take a few minutes)

      sudo dd if=linuxmint-19.1-cinnamon-64bit.iso of=/dev/sde bs=1M; sync;
  2. Boot from the USB and run the installer.
  3. Partition the disks. Select "something else" rather than the automagic guided options.
    • If you are setting up dualboot, do NOT delete any Windows-related partitions.
    • Create a new partition for the Linux system. No swap partition is required - mint no longer creates a swap partition by default, and can use a swap file in the root partition if swap space is required.
      • Use as ext4 file system and use / as the mount point.

    • Configure a dummy user, for example accmurph.

    • Use sensible values for the other options.
  4. Boot into the newly installed system and configure it.
    • Set up Active Directory

    • Ensure wheel group and sprocket group have sudo permission: sudo visudo

      %wheel ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
      %sprocket ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
    • Ensure wheel group and sprocket group have administrative rights in Polkit. Create the file /etc/polkit-1/localauthority.conf.d/90-ucc-desktops.conf with the following contents:

      [Configuration]
      AdminIdentities=unix-group:wheel;unix-group:sprocket
    • Modify /etc/fstab to mount /away. Use something like this (can differ with distro):

      # This line needs to be ABOVE the line that mounts swap, otherwise nfs fails to automount
      away.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au:/space/away/home     /home   nfs     nfsvers=3,auto,rw,tcp,nosuid,nodev,rsize=8169,wsize=8169,soft,x-systemd.device-timeout=10,x-systemd-requires=network.target      0       1
    • Network configuration is via DHCP and handled entirely by NetworkManager.

    • Use a local package repository mirror with sudo mint-switch-to-local-mirror

  5. Install software.

    sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main"
    wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt -y install adobe-flashplugin arduino blender build-essential cvs chromium-browser eclipse fish freecad freeglut3-dev geeqie gimp glew-utils gnucash google-chrome-stable gtk2-engines-oxygen hugin inkscape jhead keepassxc kicad ladvd libreoffice locate mplayer nasm nfs-common ocsinventory-agent openjdk-11-jdk openssh-server pepperflashplugin-nonfree pidgin python remmina remmina-plugin-rdp rdesktop rssh subversion thunderbird tig unattended-upgrades vim-gtk vlc zsh lyx texlive
    • The server hostname for OCSInventory is ocsinventory.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au

    • <!> Set the root password, then add the UCC root SSH keys: add the hostname to /home/wheel/bin/uccroot/push.sh, then run that script.

    • Install vivaldi browser (there's no repo package at the moment) - go to https://www.vivaldi.com and install from there

  6. Set up the UCC printer blacklight

    • Open the Printers settings panel

    • Add printer directly (list its hostname in the insert field)
    • If the definition file cannot be located, download from the manufacturer's website (some googling may be required)
  7. Log in as your own user (reboot if necessary to do so) and go to login window preferences in the main menu

    • Set theme to elegance
    • Go to options and deselect "automatically select the last logged in user"
    • Also change the default session from "Automatically detected" to "cinnamon"
    • Delete the initial user:  sudo userdel -r accmurph  (ignore any errors)

  8. Enable automatic upgrades in the Update Manager (GUI)
    • Tick the box "Apply updates automatically" and ignore any warnings about system stability

    • Tick the box "Apply updates automatically" and ignore any warnings about system stability.

Proprietary NVidia Drivers

NOTE: nouveau is preferred if it works, as it integrates with the kernel.

  1. Locate the driver edition for the card (the major number of the driver version specified on http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us)

    • DON'T DOWNLOAD FROM HERE
    • Remember to select "Linux x64" as the OS
  2. Install the relevant package sudo apt install nvidia-<VER>

    • E.g. nvidia-340 for the GeForce 9600

  3. Reboot
  4. If the graphics don't work (e.g. falls back to software rendering), sudo apt purge nvidia-<VER>

Graphics Don't Work?

If you get messages like "Hooray! GNOME3 won't work because your graphics hardware does not support it", or glxinfo segfaults, or glxgears does not show anything, then you have entered the wonderful world of troubleshooting graphics drivers!

NVidia should just work. If you have problems, remove the nouveau driver and replace it with the non-free nvidia driver.

If things seem totally fucked, you probably have an AMD graphics card. Eg:

  •     $ lspci | grep vga
        00:01.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] nee ATI BeaverCreek [Radeon HD 6550D]

You have two options; if one doesn't work try the other.

  • Install the Debian non-free version of fglrx which may or may not explode

  • Install the official AMD fglrx which will definitely explode but may take longer to do so: http://support.amd.com/en-us/download

If none of this works you are doomed and need to try a different OS. However, Debian or Ubuntu are usually actually the best for fglrx, so you're probably still doomed.

Linux Servers

  • At installation:
    • Avoid setting package sources to the UWA mirror as they are frequently out of date. AARNET seems to be the most reliable mirror at this stage
    • Keep APT sources.list (or software repositories) as minimal as possible, but if you don't:
      • Beware of copying the apt sources.list from another server without copying the apt_preferences file too. You might suddenly find yourself with much newer versions of packages than you want.
    • The UCC standard install has all volumes in LVM on md raid. Generally var and home are put on a separate logical volume to root. You had better have a good reason if you're not following this guideline!
  • Add a root user and nuke the initial unprivileged user:
    • That's as simple as running passwd as a super user, re-logging in as root and running deluser on the original user

  • If the machine has an SSD (or several thereof), ensure that TRIM (aka discard) is enabled at all layers (lvm and disk layer)
  • Set up DNS on Mooneye:

    • Add an entry to /etc/bind/domains/primary/ucc.machines then close the file and run zonemake.py in the same directory
    • If zonemake has errors, go back and fix them before proceeding!
    • Use rndc reload to get bind to reload the zone files

  • Set up DHCP on Murasoi:

    • Add the ethernet (MAC) address /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf
    • Restart the DHCP server with service isc-dhcp-server restart

  • Set up NFS:
    • Only do this once you have DNS set up and working properlyChangeLog#preview
    • Add the machine to the /etc/exports files on the appropriate servers (Motsugo for /home, Molmol (or just host "away") for /away and nortel+onetel for /services). Reload the server config with exportfs -r (Linux) or service mountd reload (FreeBSD)

    • Remember that only machines on the machine room subnet and physically within the machine room should mount /home while pretty much every machine should mount /away
    • Add the fstab line (copy off Motsugo or something)

    • mount -av and hope

  • Configure the SSH server:
    • Copy the SSH banner (usually in /etc/issue.net) from another server and modify it to suit
    • Ensure the correct banner file is set in /etc/ssh/sshd_config
    • Enable root ssh logins and X11 forwarding in /etc/ssh/sshd_config
    • Restart the SSH server and confirm all working
  • Add the UCC root SSH keys:
    • Add the hostname to /home/wheel/bin/uccroot/push.sh (this will add wheel keys to the machine when the script is run)
    • For adding non-wheelians to certain machines, add their public key to the <machine name>-extra in that same folder

    • Start an ssh-agent using eval `ssh-agent` and authenticate your root key using ssh-add ~<username>/.ssh/id_rsa, then run the updated push.sh script

  • Setup Active Directory. Follow the instructions at ActiveDirectory

  • Install dispense: Go to /home/wheel/tpg/gitclones/opendispense2, run make -C src/client clean all and copy dispense to /usr/local/bin on the target server.

  • Install postfix, set the mail host to mailhost.ucc.gu.uwa.edu.au

  • Packages to install:

  • alpine apache2 biff finger fish joe ladvd logwatch molly-guard mosh ncurses-term ocsinventory-agent openbsd-inetd rkhunter rssh screen subversion sudo strace sxid tig tmux tshark vim zsh
  • For file servers, you should also install:
  • acl clamav iotop nfs-common nfs-kernel-server
  • Copy rkhunter.conf, mailname from another server
  • Install the UCC motd system on machines which mount /home:
    • Add the following line to /etc/inetd.conf:
    • motda   stream  tcp     nowait  root    /home/wheel/bin/motd.update.sh motda
    • Also add the following line to /etc/services (keeping things in order!):
    • motda           377/tcp                        # UCC MOTD update
    • Finally, run vimotd as root on mussel, add the appropriate information and save the file (which then triggers a global motd push to all servers)
  • Add the following line to the bottom of /etc/rsyslog.conf to enable central logging
  • *.* @130.95.13.1


CategorySystemAdministration